- As national property wealth passes £4 trillion, older households depend the most on this source of finance: making up 40p in every £1 of over-65s’ wealth and 47p among over-75s
- 51% of homeowners aged 45+ see money invested in property as part of their later life financial plans, with those aged 45-64 most likely to agree
- 44% feel taking out a mortgage or loan to access property wealth in later life is becoming a more common way to manage money, while 40% see it as a “reality” of ageing
- Retirees of tomorrow increasingly plan to use money invested in property to help family members while they are still alive or as a ‘nest egg’ for unexpected expenses
- Report calls for action to meet later life and intergenerational needs – including a Later Life Commission and Minister for the Elderly alongside industry and regulatory efforts
More than half (51%) of homeowners aged 45 and over see money invested in property as part of their financial plans for later life, according to a new report from the Equity Release Council
“Beyond bricks and mortar: the changing role of property in later life financial plans”
– supported by Key
, the UK’s leading independent equity release adviser – examines trends in UK property wealth and how it is impacting homeowners’ outlook in later life both in terms of managing their own finances and supporting younger generations.
It shows older homeowners – particularly those aged 45 to 64, the retirees of tomorrow – are reassessing the traditional roles of property in retirement funding and inheritance.
A picture of UK property wealth
The Council’s analysis shows net property wealth has passed £4 trillion – the equivalent to nearly £80,000 for every UK adult, with investment in property exceeding new mortgage debt every year since 2008. Three quarters of the average home is now owned outright, and regular mortgage capital repayments alone have steadily increased from £30bn in 2007 to £50bn in 2018.
Older age groups are not just the biggest owners of property; they also depend the most on its contribution to their overall finances. Bricks and mortar accounts for 40p in every £1 of household wealth for those aged 65+, rising to 47p among the over-75s versus 35p across the nation.
Shifting perceptions of property
The report suggests these shifting trends are driving a change in attitude among the over-45 homeowner population. Many are facing multiple financial challenges as they seek to live longer, healthier lives while balancing their needs with providing support for younger generations.
Homeowners aged 45+ see property as the most important contributing factor to their financial comfort in later life (68%), and over half (56%) feel they can benefit from its financial value while they still live there.
The retirees of tomorrow – those aged 45-64 – are less likely than their older counterparts to see property as something to leave behind as an inheritance. Instead, they are more likely to think of it as a multi-purpose financial tool that can support their own financial plans (55%), be used as a nest egg to meet unexpected expenses (49%) or help family members (25%).
Table 1: Attitudes to the role of property in later life among homeowners aged 45+
|See property as an important factor to their financial comfort in later life
|See money invested in property as part of their plans to leave an inheritance
|See money invested in property as part of their financial plans for later life
|See money invested in property as part of their plans to pay for care if needed
|See money invested in property as part of their plans to help family members while they are still alive
|See money invested in property as their ‘nest egg’ should they need it for unexpected expenses
Re-evaluating later life lending
More than two fifths (44%) of over-45 homeowners feel taking out a mortgage or loan to access property wealth in later life is becoming a more common way to manage money, while 40% see it as a “reality” of ageing. Only 34% feel they have no need to consider this option either now or in future, including just 30% of those aged 45-64.
While there is significant intent to use – or at the very least consider - residential property as part of later life planning, current activity¹ suggests more needs to be done to encourage people to take proactive steps.
To address this, the Council has called for action spanning consumers and their families, industry, regulators and government², to support financial education, product development, consumer safeguards and policy planning. This includes establishing a cross-party Later Life Commission and a dedicated Minister for the Elderly (see notes to editors for more details).
David Burrowes, Chairman of the Equity Release Council commented:
“The UK’s ageing population and changing retirement landscape means people are increasingly thinking of property as a multi-purpose financial asset – particularly those aged 45 to 64, the retirees of tomorrow. Property is often a person’s single largest asset and makes a significant contribution to homeowners’ personal finances as well as providing a place to live.
“Changing attitudes to property are significant given the financial challenges facing our ageing population as they seek to live longer, healthier lives. Many people have made inadequate provision for their retirement and care needs, while others have younger family to support.
Consequently, bricks and mortar have become a vital piece of the retirement funding jigsaw, to benefit people during their lifetime as well as their families.
“Our calls to action are underpinned by the core belief that – while drawing on property is not right for every circumstance and should not distract from encouraging long-term saving – it should be on every homeowner’s checklist to consider in later life, now more than ever. We urge industry and policymakers to evolve their thinking to reflect that of older homeowners to support this emerging demand.”
Will Hale, CEO of Key – the UK’s largest independent equity release adviser – commented:
“For over-65s today, wealth is intrinsically linked to bricks and mortar with 40p in every pound that they own tied up in property. Historically, people have seen their house as a home and potentially as an inheritance to pass on to the next generation but this report clearly highlights that not only is that perception changing but, given the increasing pressures on retirement finances, that it has to change.
“With pension savings failing to keep up with the increase in longevity, the vast majority of people will need to carefully consider how they maximise all their assets in retirement. Whether they conclude they want to use property wealth to fund one-off purchases in later life, a source by which to top-up regular income or to provide a helping hand to the younger generation, ignoring 40% of their net worth just doesn’t make sense.
“This report and its recommendations clearly highlight not only the potential benefits that housing equity can bring to older homeowners, their families and the nation as a whole but the size of the challenge that we are facing.”
- ENDS -
Notes to editors:
*** Interviews, consumer case studies and further data analysis are available on request ***
The report Beyond bricks and mortar: the changing role of property in later life financial plans
was developed by the Equity Release Council with support from Key, drawing on the latest available public data where indicated and independent research among 2,503 UK homeowners aged 45+, carried out by Censuswide in May 2019. While care is taken in its compilation, no representation or assurances are made as to its accuracy or completeness.
For media enquiries, please contact Instinctif Partners on:
Tel: 0207 457 2020
Email: [email protected]
¹ Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) data indicates customers aged 56+ account for 10% of new mortgages taken out, despite making up 38% of the adult population and 51% of owner-occupiers.
² The Equity Release Council has outlined the following calls to action:
Consumers and their families
Government and policymakers
- The potential use of property wealth to support the nation’s household finances must be visible at the core of public guidance services.
- Education and guidance about later life planning must start early – from the age of 45 – to boost financial confidence while encouraging a long-term view and taking all assets into account. At the same time, it must encourage people to take a sensible long-term view on how their assets – including property – can fund their retirement.
- Open conversations need to be encouraged among families about challenging subjects such as finance, care and inheritance plans (including drafting Wills and Powers of Attorney) to support better understanding and outcomes across generations. This requires ongoing collaboration between financial, legal and care professionals to make this a reality, with support from the third sector and policymakers.
- We need to encourage consumers to consider the potential uses of property wealth in later life while also supporting long-term savings habits – recognising the success of auto-enrolment.
Industry and regulators
- A cross-party later-life commission should be established to help meet the long-term needs of people in later life, including via the potential uses of property wealth and balancing intergenerational needs.
- Understanding the role of housing wealth is a core component to any care funding solution across generations – the great challenge of our age.
- The new Prime Minister should establish a cross-departmental Minister for the Elderly, who can ensure the broader social and financial issues important to the ageing population are recognised and co-ordinated across all relevant departments.
- Broader expansion of the equity release market can play an important role to address major social issues, and should receive government support to ensure a cohesive and sustainable role in our society.
- Efforts need to be strengthened to make joined-up thinking and more holistic planning a reality in the later life arena beyond conference platforms, given the siloed nature of product-based regulatory permissions.
- There is a debate to be had about whether protections such as guaranteed independent legal advice would have a broader benefit in the later life market beyond equity release products.
- Regulatory stakeholders need to work with industry to demystify the market. More consumer education can ensure people’s perceptions evolve with the product range and do not become a barrier to their own needs.
- Efforts to innovate must continue, as must efforts to communicate the benefit of new propositions to address gaps in people’s financial knowledge. Industry needs to keep reinventing itself as an enabler for people to realise their financial goals.
- Intergenerational needs may offer further opportunities for product innovation, as well as prompting gifting on a wider scale. The challenge of accessing property wealth in later life while minimising interest costs may provide scope for new multi-generational products, for example to help facilitate the earlier transfer of wealth between generations
About the Equity Release Council – www.equityreleasecouncil.com
The Equity Release Council is the representative trade body for the equity release sector with over 300 member firms and 1,000 individuals registered, including providers, regulated financial advisers, solicitors, surveyors and other professionals.
It leads a consumer-focused UK based equity release market by setting authoritative standards and safeguards for the trusted provision of advice and products. Since 1991, over 465,000 homeowners have accessed over £26bn of housing wealth via Council members to support their finances.
The Council also works with government, voluntary and public sectors, and regulatory, consumer and professional bodies to inform and influence debate about the use of housing wealth in later life and retirement planning.
About Key – www.keyadvice.co.uk
Part of Key Retirement Group, Key is the UK’s largest independent equity release broker – committed to high levels of customer service and the belief that good advice is key to ensuring people make smart sustainable choices around how they use their housing equity.
With over 60 industry and consumer awards under their belt, the Key team offer advice on equity release, later life mortgages and retirement interest-only products. The company also provides support with estate planning including wills and lasting power of attorneys.
Key is committed to putting customers at the heart of what it does and has a score of 9.8 from over 14,500 scores on the independent review site, Trustpilot.
Based in Preston, Key is committed to being independent, transparent and straightforward.