- By 2029, this is projected to reach £548bn
- Over-65s will each be £16,500 in debt by 2029
- In 2019, 65-74 year olds will only have £3,100 left to save, invest or spend after bills
New research from the Centre for Economics and Business Research (Cebr) commissioned by equity release lender, more 2 life
, has revealed that the later life lending market is set to almost double in size over the next decade.
By the end of 2019, lending is expected to reach £295bn – rising to more than half a trillion (£548bn) by 2029. This amounts to an 85% increase over a decade, suggesting that while the amount of debt is continuing to grow at a worrying pace, it has actually slowed down slightly. In 2014, over-55s owed £200bn and are predicted to hit £397bn by 2024 – a 98% increase over a 10-year period.
While older age groups in this demographic fare better, the report also finds that the over-65s market will accumulate a total of £91bn of debt by the end of 2019, an increase of £5bn on last year’s findings. This is expected to increase by a further 117% in the next 10 years, reaching £199bn by 2029. A combination of factors is likely to be driving the growth in amount of later life lending including the increase in older households, rising house prices resulting in higher mortgage values, and consumers who are increasingly comfortable using unsecured credit.
Analysis also suggests that the 65-74s have the second lowest amount of net yearly savings (£3,100) after expenditure and income has been taken into account. This is just over 60% lower than those aged 50 - 64 (£8,100) and only slightly higher than those under 30 (£3,050). With a typically fixed income and just £3,100 on average to meet future costs or put into a savings account, the older generation is particularly vulnerable to sudden unexpected costs or increases.
Indeed, almost half of this group (48%) believe they would struggle to cover an unexpected bill of £5,000 and 35% say that their expenditure exceeds their income.
Other key findings from the research include:
Dave Harris, Chief Executive Officer at more 2 life, comments:
- 14% of over-55s surveyed have a mortgage on their property; 68% of these individuals report having a repayment mortgage, compared to 23% with an interest-only mortgage.
- Homeowners aged 65 - 74 who are still paying off a mortgage owe an average of £120,000. This is higher than the average for 55 - 64-year olds currently repaying a mortgage (£113,000). Those aged 75 - 84 who are paying off a mortgage owe over £78,000 on average.
- In 2012 there were 3.2m interest-only mortgages outstanding, falling to 1.7m in 2017 – a 46% decline. The total value of outstanding interest only mortgages was £250bn in 2017, down from £400bn in 2012.
“With more people buying their first homes later in life and the increasing use of unsecured debt, we are finding that more people are entering retirement still committed to ongoing repayments. While this might be something that can be managed while someone is working, it is harder to sustain when you are on a fixed income.
“We expect to see this trend continuing and by 2029, over-55s will hold £548 billion worth of debt. Not only are we seeing debt levels increase, but 65-74 year olds have just £3,100 left at the end of the year to save, invest or use to meet any unexpected expenses or manage additional costs. This is a worryingly small safety net and suggests that managing debt in later life may well become the norm for some people.
“One potential solution to this – and other issues facing over-55s who are trying to make their incomes last for increasingly longer retirements – is to consider how their housing equity can help. Later Life lenders have stepped up to this challenge and we are seeing increased flexibility as well as a wider choice of products designed to cater for today’s retirement lending market. However, we must ensure that we do not become complacent and with growing numbers of consumers interested in how they can access their housing equity, it is up to us to lend a helping hand to ensure they are able to enjoy the retirement they deserve.”
Notes to Editors
Data for this report was collated and analysed by Cebr, using the following sources:
- Wealth and asset survey, Wave 5, UK Data Service
- Living costs and food survey, ONS
- UK Finance
- Bank of England NMG survey
- A survey commissioned by more2Life, which was carried out by Opinion Matters between 05.04.2019 and 16.04.2019 and received 1,766 responses from individuals aged 55+.
Forecasts in the report are based on Cebr modelling for the number of households in the UK by age band, and average secured and unsecured debt per household over the next ten years. Average debt per over-65 is based on ONS - National Population Projections - click here
Please note that within this release and associated report, the later life lending market includes all types of secured and unsecured debt including mortgages, credit cards, overdrafts, loans, car finance, hire purchase, student loans, payday loans and store cards.
For more information, please contact:
Director of Public Relations and Public Affairs
Key Retirement Group
Key Retirement Group
Taneesha Pawar, Eve Frayling
+44 (0)207 440 8672
About more 2 life
Part of Key Retirement Group, more 2 life is one of the UK’s three largest equity release lenders with application levels reaching more than £1billion in 2018.
They offer a range of innovative equity release products with features that are tailored to help customers access their housing equity in a way which is best suited to their individual circumstances.
Constantly pushing for the later life market to evolve, more 2 life believes that a strong vibrant adviser community is vital to growing the sector and ensuring older customers can access their equity in a safe sustainable manner.
A committed advice advocate, more 2 life supports advisers with a range of tools, on demand webinars and technological advancements focused on helping them to better service the evolving needs of their clients.